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 电力常用词汇中英对照

青岛希尼尔翻译咨询有限公司(www.joshualeeproperties.com)整理发布  2015-9-23

(词汇与使用的环境有密切关系,仅供参考)

电力系统 power system

发电机 generator

励磁 excitation

励磁器 excitor

电压 voltage

电流 current

升压变压器 step-up transformer

母线 bus

变压器 transformer

空载损耗 no-load loss

铁损 iron loss

铜损 copper loss

空载电流 no-load current

有功损耗 reactive loss

无功损耗 active loss

输电系统 power transmission system

高压侧 high side

输电线 transmission line

高压 high voltage

低压 low voltage

中压 middle voltage

功角稳定 angle stability

稳定 stability

电压稳定 voltage stability

暂态稳定 transient stability

电厂 power plant

能量输送 power transfer

交流 AC

直流 DC

电网 power system

落点 drop point

开关站 switch station

调节 regulation

高抗 high voltage shunt reactor

并列的 apposable

裕度 margin

故障 fault

三相故障 three phase fault

分接头 tap

切机 generator triping

高顶值 high limited value

静态 static (state)

动态 dynamic (state)

机端电压控制 AVR

电抗 reactance

电阻 resistance

功角 power angle

有功(功率) active power

电容器 Capacitor

电抗器 Reactor

断路器 Breaker

电动机 motor

功率因数 power-factor

定子 stator

阻抗 impedance

功角 power-angle

电压等级 voltage grade

有功负载: active load PLoad

无功负载 reactive load

档位 tap position

电阻 resistor

电抗 reactance

电导 conductance

电纳 susceptance

上限 upper limit

下限 lower limit

正序阻抗 positive sequence impedance

负序阻抗 negative sequence impedance

零序阻抗 zero sequence impedance

无功(功率) reactive power

功率因数 power factor

无功电流 reactive current

斜率 slope

额定 rating

变比 ratio

参考值 reference value

电压互感器 PT

分接头 tap

仿真分析 simulation analysis

下降率 droop rate

传递函数 transfer function

框图 block diagram

受端 receive-side

同步 synchronization

;ざ下菲 circuit breaker

摇摆 swing

阻尼 damping

无刷直流电机 Brusless DC motor

刀闸(隔离开关) Isolator

机端 generator terminal

 

励磁电流 Magnetizing current

补偿度 degree of compensation

电磁场:Electromagnetic fields

失去同步 loss of synchronization

装机容量 installed capacity

无功补偿 reactive power compensation

故障切除时间 fault clearing time

极限切除时间 critical clearing time

强行励磁 reinforced excitation

并联电容器 shunt capacitor<

下降特性 droop characteristics

线路补偿器 LDC(line drop compensation)

 

 

电机学 Electrical Machinery

自动控制理论 Automatic Control Theory

电磁场 Electromagnetic Field

微机原理 Principle of Microcomputer

电工学 Electrotechnics

电路原理 Principle of circuits

电机学 Electrical Machinery

 

   主变压器                                           

                                                                main transformer

   升压变压器                                       

                                                                step-up transformer

   降压变压器                                       

                                                                step-down transformer

   工作变压器                                       

                                                                operating transformer

   备用变压器                                       

                                                                standby transformer

   公用变压器                                       

                                                                common transformer

   三相变压器                                       

                                                                three-phase transformer

   单相变压器                                       

                                                                single-phase transformer

   带负荷调压变压器                           

                                                                on-load regulating transformer

   变压器铁芯                                       

                                                                transformer core

   变压器线圈                                       

                                                                transformer coil

   变压器绕组                                       

                                                                transformer winding

   变压器油箱                                       

                                                                transformer oil tank

   变压器外壳                                       

                                                                transformer casing

   变压器风扇                                       

                                                                transformer fan

   变压器油枕                                       

                                                                transformer oil conservator( drum

   变压器额定电压                               

                                                                transformer reted voltage

   变压器额定电流                               

                                                                transformer reted current

   变压器调压范围                               

                                                                transformer voltage regulation rage

   配电设备                                           

                                                                power distribution equipment

   SF6断路器                                       

                                                                SF6 circuit breaker

   开关                                                   

                                                                switch

   按钮                                                   

                                                                button

   隔离开关                                           

                                                                isolator,disconnector

   真空开关                                           

                                                                vacuum switch

   刀闸开关                                           

                                                                knife-switch

   接地刀闸                                           

                                                                earthing knife-switch

   电气设备                                           

                                                                electrical equipment

   变流器                                               

                                                                current converter

   电流互感器                                       

                                                                current transformer

   电压互感器                                       

                                                                voltage transformer

   电源                                                   

                                                                power source

   交流电源                                           

                                                                AC power source

   直流电源                                           

                                                                DC power source

   工作电源                                           

                                                                operating source

   备用电源                                           

                                                                Standby source

   强电                                                   

                                                                strong current

   弱电                                                   

                                                                weak current

   继电器                                               

                                                                relay

   信号继电器                                       

                                                                signal relay

   电流继电器                                       

                                                                current relay

   电压继电器                                       

                                                                voltage relay

   跳闸继电器                                       

                                                                tripping relay

   合闸继电器                                       

                                                                closing relay

   中间继电器                                       

                                                                intermediate relay

   时间继电器                                       

                                                                time relay

   零序电压继电器                               

                                                                zero-sequence voltage relay

   差动继电器  

  differential relay

   闭锁装置                                           

                                                                locking device

   ?                                                   

                                                                telecontrol

   遥信                                                   

                                                                telesignalisation

   遥测                                                   

                                                                telemetering

   遥调                                                   

                                                                teleregulation

   断路器                                               

                                                                breaker,circuit breaker

   少油断路器                                       

                                                                mini-oil breaker,oil-mini-mum breaker

   高频滤波器                                       

                                                                high-frequency filter

   组合滤波器                                       

                                                                combined filter

   ?サ                                           

                                                                normally opened contaact

   常闭触点                                           

                                                                normally closed contaact

   并联电容                                           

                                                                parallel capacitance

   ;そ拥                                           

                                                                protective earthing

   熔断器                                               

                                                                cutout,fusible cutout

   电缆                                                   

                                                                cable

   跳闸脉冲                                           

                                                                tripping pulse

   合闸脉冲                                           

                                                                closing pulse

   一次电压                                           

                                                                primary voltage

   二次电压                                           

                                                                secondary voltage

   并联电容器                                       

                                                                parallel capacitor

   无功补偿器                                       

                                                                reactive power compensation device

   消弧线圈                                           

                                                                arc-suppressing coil

   母线                                                   

                                                                Bus,busbar

   三角接法                                           

                                                                delta connection

   星形接法                                           

                                                                Wye connection

   原理图                                               

                                                                schematic diagram

   一次系统图                                       

                                                                primary system diagram

   二次系统图                                       

                                                                secondary system diagram

   两相短路                                           

                                                                two-phase short circuit

   三相短路                                           

                                                                three-phase short circuit

   单相接地短路                                   

                                                                single-phase ground short circuit

   短路电流计算                                   

                                                                calculation of short circuit current

   自动重合闸                                       

                                                                automatic reclosing

   高频;                                           

                                                                high-freqency protection

   距离;                                           

                                                                distance protection

   横差;                                           

                                                                transverse differential protection

   纵差;                                           

                                                                longitudinal differential protection

   线路;                                           

                                                                line protection

   过电压;                                       

                                                                over-voltage protection

   母差;                                           

                                                                bus differential protection

   瓦斯;                                           

                                                                Buchholtz protection

   变压器;                                       

                                                                transformer protection

   电动机;                                       

                                                                motor protection

   远方控制                                           

                                                                remote control

   用电量                                               

                                                                power consumption

   载波                                                   

                                                                carrier

   故障                                                   

                                                                fault

   选择性  

  selectivity

   速动性  

  speed

   灵敏性  

  sensitivity

   可靠性  

  reliability

   电磁型继电器  

  electromagnetic

   无时限电流速断;  

  instantaneously over-current protection

   跳闸线圈  

  trip coil

   工作线圈  

  operating coil

   制动线圈  

  retraint coil

   主;  

  main protection

   后备;  

  back-up protection

   定时限过电流;  

  definite time over-current protection

   三段式电流;  

  the current protection with three stages

   反时限过电流;  

  inverse time over-current protection

   方向性电流;  

  the directional current protection

   零序电流;  

  zero-sequence current protection

   阻抗  

  impedance

   微机;  

  Microprocessor Protection

 

 

 

变电站 transformer substation

永磁同步电机 Permanent-magnet Synchronism Motor

异步电机 Asynchronous Motor

三绕组变压器 three-column transformer ThrClnTrans

双绕组变压器 double-column transformer DblClmnTrans

固定串联电容补偿 fixed series capacitor compensation

双回同杆并架 double-circuit lines on the same tower

单机无穷大系统 one machine - infinity bus system

 

励磁电流 Magnetizing current

补偿度 degree of compensation

电磁场:Electromagnetic fields

失去同步 loss of synchronization

装机容量 installed capacity

无功补偿 reactive power compensation

故障切除时间 fault clearing time

极限切除时间 critical clearing time

强行励磁 reinforced excitation

并联电容器 shunt capacitor<

下降特性 droop characteristics

线路补偿器 LDC(line drop compensation)

 

 

电机学 Electrical Machinery

自动控制理论 Automatic Control Theory

电磁场 Electromagnetic Field

微机原理 Principle of Microcomputer

电工学 Electrotechnics

电路原理 Principle of circuits

电机学 Electrical Machinery

 

   主变压器                                           

                                                                main transformer

   升压变压器                                       

                                                                step-up transformer

   降压变压器                                       

                                                                step-down transformer

   工作变压器                                       

                                                                operating transformer

   备用变压器                                       

                                                                standby transformer

   公用变压器                                       

                                                                common transformer

   三相变压器                                       

                                                                three-phase transformer

   单相变压器                                       

                                                                single-phase transformer

   带负荷调压变压器                           

                                                                on-load regulating transformer

   变压器铁芯                                       

                                                                transformer core

   变压器线圈                                       

                                                                transformer coil

   变压器绕组                                       

                                                                transformer winding

   变压器油箱                                       

                                                                transformer oil tank

   变压器外壳                                       

                                                                transformer casing

   变压器风扇                                       

                                                                transformer fan

   变压器油枕                                       

                                                                transformer oil conservator( drum

   变压器额定电压                               

                                                                transformer reted voltage

   变压器额定电流                               

                                                                transformer reted current

   变压器调压范围                               

                                                                transformer voltage regulation rage

   配电设备                                           

                                                                power distribution equipment

   SF6断路器                                       

                                                                SF6 circuit breaker

   开关                                                   

                                                                switch

   按钮                                                   

                                                                button

   隔离开关                                           

                                                                isolator,disconnector

   真空开关                                           

                                                                vacuum switch

   刀闸开关                                           

                                                                knife-switch

   接地刀闸                                           

                                                                earthing knife-switch

   电气设备                                           

                                                                electrical equipment

   变流器                                               

                                                                current converter

   电流互感器                                       

                                                                current transformer

   电压互感器                                       

                                                                voltage transformer

   电源                                                   

                                                                power source

   交流电源                                           

                                                                AC power source

   直流电源                                           

                                                                DC power source

   工作电源                                           

                                                                operating source

   备用电源                                           

                                                                Standby source

   强电                                                   

                                                                strong current

   弱电                                                   

                                                                weak current

   继电器                                               

                                                                relay

   信号继电器                                       

                                                                signal relay

   电流继电器                                       

                                                                current relay

   电压继电器                                       

                                                                voltage relay

   跳闸继电器                                       

                                                                tripping relay

   合闸继电器                                       

                                                                closing relay

   中间继电器                                       

                                                                intermediate relay

   时间继电器                                       

                                                                time relay

   零序电压继电器                               

                                                                zero-sequence voltage relay

   差动继电器  

  differential relay

   闭锁装置                                           

                                                                locking device

   ?                                                   

                                                                telecontrol

   遥信                                                   

                                                                telesignalisation

   遥测                                                   

                                                                telemetering

   遥调                                                   

                                                                teleregulation

   断路器                                               

                                                                breaker,circuit breaker

   少油断路器                                       

                                                                mini-oil breaker,oil-mini-mum breaker

   高频滤波器                                       

                                                                high-frequency filter

   组合滤波器                                       

                                                                combined filter

   ?サ                                           

                                                                normally opened contaact

   常闭触点                                           

                                                                normally closed contaact

   并联电容                                           

                                                                parallel capacitance

   ;そ拥                                           

                                                                protective earthing

   熔断器                                               

                                                                cutout,fusible cutout

   电缆                                                   

                                                                cable

   跳闸脉冲                                           

                                                                tripping pulse

   合闸脉冲                                           

                                                                closing pulse

   一次电压                                           

                                                                primary voltage

   二次电压                                           

                                                                secondary voltage

   并联电容器                                       

                                                                parallel capacitor

   无功补偿器                                       

                                                                reactive power compensation device

   消弧线圈                                           

                                                                arc-suppressing coil

   母线                                                   

                                                                Bus,busbar

   三角接法                                           

                                                                delta connection

   星形接法                                           

                                                                Wye connection

   原理图                                               

                                                                schematic diagram

   一次系统图                                       

                                                                primary system diagram

   二次系统图                                       

                                                                secondary system diagram

   两相短路                                           

                                                                two-phase short circuit

   三相短路                                           

                                                                three-phase short circuit

   单相接地短路                                   

                                                                single-phase ground short circuit

   短路电流计算                                   

                                                                calculation of short circuit current

   自动重合闸                                       

                                                                automatic reclosing

   高频;                                           

                                                                high-freqency protection

   距离;                                           

                                                                distance protection

   横差;                                           

                                                                transverse differential protection

   纵差;                                           

                                                                longitudinal differential protection

   线路;                                           

                                                                line protection

   过电压;                                       

                                                                over-voltage protection

   母差;                                           

                                                                bus differential protection

   瓦斯;                                           

                                                                Buchholtz protection

   变压器;                                       

                                                                transformer protection

   电动机;                                       

                                                                motor protection

   远方控制                                           

                                                                remote control

   用电量                                               

                                                                power consumption

   载波                                                   

                                                                carrier

   故障                                                   

                                                                fault

   选择性  

  selectivity

   速动性  

  speed

   灵敏性  

  sensitivity

   可靠性  

  reliability

   电磁型继电器  

  electromagnetic

   无时限电流速断;  

  instantaneously over-current protection

   跳闸线圈  

  trip coil

   工作线圈  

  operating coil

   制动线圈  

  retraint coil

   主;  

  main protection

   后备;  

  back-up protection

   定时限过电流;  

  definite time over-current protection

   三段式电流;  

  the current protection with three stages

   反时限过电流;  

  inverse time over-current protection

   方向性电流;  

  the directional current protection

   零序电流;  

  zero-sequence current protection

   阻抗  

  impedance

   微机;  

  Microprocessor Protection

 

  

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