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清明节到来,小编整理了清明节英文翻译大杂烩

青岛希尼尔翻译咨询有限公司(www.joshualeeproperties.com)整理发布  2016-03-30

  

青岛希尼尔翻译公司(www.joshualeeproperties.com)2016年3月30日了解到:The Qingming (Pure Brightness) Festival is one of the 24 seasonal division points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After the festival, the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. It is the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the Qingming Festival is not only a seasonal point to guide farm work, it is more a festival of commemoration. 清明是我国的二十四节气之一。由于二十四节气比较客观地反映了一年四季气温、降雨、物候等方面的变化,所以古代劳动人民用它安排农事活动。但是,清明作为节日,与纯粹的节气又有所不同。节气是我国物候变化、时令顺序的标志,而节日则包含着一定的风俗活动和某种纪念意义。因此,这个节日中既有祭扫新坟生别死离的悲酸泪,又有踏青游玩的欢笑声,是一个富有特色的节日。
  The Qingming Festival sees a combination of sadness and happiness.

  This is the most important day of sacrifice. Both the Han and minority ethnic groups at this time offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the diseased. Also, they will not cook on this day and only cold food is served.

  The Hanshi (Cold Food) Festival was usually one day before the Qingming Festival. As our ancestors often extended the day to the Qingming, they were later combined.

  On each Qingming Festival, all cemeteries are crowded with people who came to sweep tombs and offer sacrifices. Traffic on the way to the cemeteries becomes extremely jammed. The customs have been greatly simplified today. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offer food, flowers and favorites of the dead, then burn incense and paper money and bow before the memorial tablet.

  In contrast to the sadness of the tomb sweepers, people also enjoy hope of Spring on this day. The Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green and nature is again lively. Since ancient times, people have followed the custom of Spring outings. At this time tourists are everywhere. 按照旧的习俗,扫墓时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。

  People love to fly kites during the Qingming Festival. Kite flying is actually not limited to the Qingming Festival. Its uniqueness lies in that people fly kites not during the day, but also at night. A string of little lanterns tied onto the kite or the thread look like shining stars, and therefore, are called "god's lanterns." 放风筝也是清明时节人们所喜爱的活动。每逢清明时节,人们不仅白天放,夜间也放。夜里在风筝下或风稳拉线上挂上一串串彩色的小灯笼,象闪烁的明星,被称为“神灯”。

  The Qingming Festival is also a time to plant trees, for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later. In the past, the Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But since 1979, "Arbor Day" was settled as March 12 according to the Gregorian calendar. 因此,自古以来,我国就有清明植树的习惯。有人还把清明节叫作“植树节”。植树风俗一直流传至今。1979年,人大常委会规定,每年三月十二日为我国植树节。这对动员全国各族人民积极开展绿化祖国活动,有着十分重要的意义。

例句:
The day after tomorrow is the Tomb-sweeping Day.
后天是清明节。
The Qingming Festival in spring is the occasion for visiting ancestral graves.
清明节是扫墓拜祭先人的日子。
The Qingming Festival is a statutory public holiday in mainland China.
清明节在中国大陆地区是法定节假日。
Qing Ming is a time to remember the dead and the dearly departed. More important, it is a period to honour and to pay respect to one's deceased ancestors and family members. Because it reinforces the ethic of filial piety, Qing Ming is a major Chinese festival. Literally meaning "clear" (Qing) and "bright" (Ming), this Chinese festival falls in early spring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. It is a "spring" festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and to sweep the graves of their forebears. Chinese being practical people this sweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before and after Qing Ming day. Among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.
清明节是一个纪念祖先的节日。主要的纪念仪式是扫墓,扫墓是慎终追远、郭亲睦邻及行孝的具体表现;基于上述意义,清明节因此成为华人的重要节日。 清明节是在仲春和暮春之交,也就是冬至后的106天。扫墓活动通常是在清明节的前十天或后十天。有些地域的人士的扫墓活动长达一个月。
清明节有种扫墓的习俗叫“前三后四”,也就是说百姓扫墓应该选择清明节当天的前三天或者后四天去进行扫墓、祭拜逝去的亲人。为了倡导低碳祭拜,近几年,百姓们衍生出了许多低碳环保的祭拜方式,“纸钱”祭拜将逐渐淡去。
说到“纸钱”,英语中是怎么表述的呢?大家可能第一时间想到的就是paper money,不过字面上的确是“纸钱”的意思,实际上paper money的意思是“纸质货币”,与“金属货币”metal money相对应,是“人世”的钱,不是烧给死者的纸钱哦。
例:The Song dynasty was the first government in world history to issue paper money.
宋朝是世界上第一个发行纸币的政府。
那么,烧给死者的纸钱是什么呢?一起来看看有哪些说法:
By overloading the path with spiritual money, hopefully all troubled souls on the way will be too occupied with the moneyy and leave the traveling-soul alone.
在路上洒满纸钱,亡魂就会忙于捡钱,不会骚扰过路者。
Yan Wang is normally depicted wearing a Chinese judge's cap and sometimes appears onChinese Hell Bank Notes.
阎王通常穿着一身古代官服,纸钱上也会有他的形象。
以上两种说法,spiritual money和hell bank notes都比较形象地说明了“纸钱”的本质,一是象征意义上的钱(spiritual),二是烧给阴间(hell)的人使用的钞票(bank notes)所以,纸钱我们可以说spiritual money或者 hell bank notes.


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